Constantinople, former capital of the Byzantine Empire became Istanbul after its conquest by the Ottoman Empire. Constantinople was founded in AD 330 at ancient Byzantium, a small community settled in VII BC by the Greeks. Constantinople became later the new capital of the Roman Empire, founded by Emperor Constantine I. The largest and most splendid European city of the Middle Ages; it had a cosmopolitan population of 1 million during X AD. Constantinople shared the glories and vicissitudes of the Byzantine Empire, which in the end was reduced to the city and its environs. Join us in exploring and learning the history and culture of the Byzantine Empire with its fascinating capital, Constantinople, referred to as “The Queen of the Cities” during the Middle Ages.